1262 - Alfonso X the Wise conquered the city of Cadiz, until then under Andalusian domain.
1264 - Alfonso X the Wise conquered the major Muslim stronghold of Sanlucar de Barrameda (Cádiz).
1593 - Argentina: the Spanish Francisco Murguia Argañaraz and founded the city of San Salvador de Jujuy.
1923 - Miguel Primo de Rivera became a dictador.
1580 – Francisco de Quevedo,poet and politician (d. 1645)
1846 - Joaquín Costa, politician.
1897 - Eduardo Blanco Amor, writer and journalist.
1923 - Fabián Estapé, economistl (d. 2012)
1926 - María del Carmen Franco, Duchess of Franco and of Spain, the only daughter of Francisco Franco and his wife, Carmen Polo. Marquesa widow of Villaverde.
1942 - Félix Pons, politician (d. 2010)
1948 - Mario Conde, financier and lawyer
1950 - Matías Prats Luque, journalist.
1969 - Malena Gracia, actress and model.
1986 - Michelle Jenner, actress.
1709 - Luis Fernandez de Portocarrero, ecclesiastical and politician, archbishop of Toledo.
1800 - Juan Ignacio González del Castillo, playwright.
1904 - Manuel Ossorio y Bernard journalist
1916 – Jose Echegaray y Eizaguirre, mathematician, playwright, politician and engineer Caminos, who made important contributions to mathematics and physics, Nobel Prize for Literature in 1904.
1942 - Rubén Ruiz Ibárruri, communist soldier, Hero of the Soviet Union a título póstumo.
1960 - Eloy Vaquero Cantillo, politician.
1977 - Sandra Mozarowsky, actress (b. 1958)
1989 - Nicolás Cabrera, scientist (b. 1913)
2006 - José Antonio Nieves Conde, filmmaker and journalist (b. 1911)
2007 - Emilio Ruiz del Rio, filmmaker.
2014 - Isidoro Alvarez, businessman, president of El Corte Ingles and chairman of the board of the Ramon Areces Foundation.