The year 2019 was warmer than usual in nearly the whole country, and only in Lapland the average temperature was close to long-term averages, accordi
2019 was 1°C warmer than usual

2019 was 1°C warmer than usual

2019 was 1°C warmer than usual

2019 was 1°C warmer than usual

2019 was 1°C warmer than usual

2019 was 1°C warmer than usual
2019 was 1°C warmer than usual
  • 2020-01-14 08:35:11 1 months ago
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The year 2019 was warmer than usual in nearly the whole country, and only in Lapland the average temperature was close to long-term averages, according to the Finnish Meteorological Institute (FMI).

The average temperature in the whole country was approximately 0.9 degrees Celsius above the 1981-2010 average, said an FMI press release on Monday.

Of the months in 2019, April was exceptionally warm at several stations, and several new record temperatures were registered at different stations.

In December, the average temperature was 3-6 degrees Celsius higher than average, which usually happens every 10 to 30 years.

However, the previous warmer-than-average December was in 2017 in the south, and in 2011 in Lapland. The lowest temperature in December was minus 35.4°C recorded in Kevojärvi, Utsjoki on December 9. The highest temperature was 8.4°C recorded on 4 December in Pargas.

The lowest temperature of the year, minus 39.1 degrees Celsius, was recorded at Kevojärvi in Utsjoki on February 5, and the highest temperature of the year, 33.7 degrees Celsius, was recorded at Emäsalo in Porvoo on July 28.

 

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2019 was 1°C warmer than usual

2019 sees record 453 organ transplantations

2019 sees record 453 organ transplantations

Photo Mika Lappalainen/Boy Hulden/ City of Helsinki.

A total of 453 organ transplantations took place in the country last year, reported the national broadcaster Yle, quoting the Finnish Kidney and Liver Association.

The number of organ transplantations exceeded the previous record made in 2016 by more than 50.

The organs donated last year saved lives of 450 people, while 570 more people are on the queue for their turn.

The most common transplanted organ was kidney, numbering 293, followed by liver (64), heart (30), and lung (27).

There were 39 pancreatic transplants, too, which were mostly carried out in combination with kidney transplants, said the Yle report.

A total of 141 donors donated organs in the country last year.

One donor can save the lives of up to six people, said the report, quoting the Kidney and Liver Association.

The organ transplantation operations took place at the Helsinki University Central Hospital (HYKS) using organs collected at central hospitals across the country.

Farming profitability grows 8% in 2018

Farming profitability grows 8% in 2018

File picture of Barley grain. Photo VisitFinland.

The average entrepreneurial income of agricultural and horticultural enterprises increased approximately eight per cent in 2018, which is EUR 17,500 per year, according to the Natural Resources Institute Finland (Luke).

In total, the entrepreneurial income of Finnish agricultural and horticultural enterprises grew from EUR 516 million to EUR 529 million, said a Luke press release on Monday.

The profitability ratio grew from 0.40 to 0.42. The profitability remains modest, which is also shown by the negative 1.6 per cent return on capital invested.

“In 2018, the return of agricultural and horticultural enterprises increased three per cent, to EUR 160,900, due to the growth of farm sizes, among other reasons. On the other hand, costs grew 2.56 per cent to EUR 185,200. Therefore, the difference of revenue and costs keeps the total loss roughly the same as before, EUR 24,400. The sales revenue and/or subsidies should have been that much higher or the costs should have been that much lower to reach a zero result,” said Arto Latukka, a senior scientist in charge of Luke’s profitability bookkeeping.

With the costs of entrepreneur families’ personal labour and equity excluded, the average annual entrepreneurial income per enterprise was approximately EUR 17,500. Entrepreneurial income grew approximately eight per cent from 2017.

According to Latukka, the EUR 17,500 entrepreneurial income is enough to provide the entrepreneur family’s equity an interest of 1.5 per cent, and the compensation per working hour is EUR 6.70, including add-on costs. The profitability ratio 0.42 shows that compensation was 42 per cent of the target level of 3.69 per cent interest on equity and EUR 16 compensation per entrepreneur working hour. The level of hourly rate is based on what an agricultural worker is paid, including add-on costs.

In 2008, the profitability ratios of cereal farms and other crop farms grew to 0.40, sheep farms to 0.27, greenhouse enterprises to 0.96 and poultry farms to 1.12. The small-size sample may be a reason for the annual fluctuation in profitability ratios of poultry farms. The profitability ratios of dairy and other cattle farms decreased to 0.36 and 0.39 respectively and of pig farms to 0.62. On average, the profitability ratio of agricultural and horticultural enterprises increased from 0.40 to 0.42 in 2018. Current prognoses expect the profitability of 2019 to fall back to the starting level.