In developed countries like the United States and Canada, strict environmental regulations have caused a significant reduction in the pollution produ

Jacob Gitman Analyzes How Much Worse Pollution Can Be for Third-World Countries

Jacob Gitman Analyzes How Much Worse Pollution Can Be for Third-World Countries

Jacob Gitman Analyzes How Much Worse Pollution Can Be for Third-World Countries

Jacob Gitman Analyzes How Much Worse Pollution Can Be for Third-World Countries

Jacob Gitman Analyzes How Much Worse Pollution Can Be for Third-World Countries
Jacob Gitman Analyzes How Much Worse Pollution Can Be for Third-World Countries
  • 2019-11-19 00:10:08 3 months ago
  • Views 3,767
38
Shared

In developed countries like the United States and Canada, strict environmental regulations have caused a significant reduction in the pollution produced by the burning of fossil fuels and the use of industrial chemicals. In the developing world, the problem of pollution needs to be addressed. The World Economic Forum names rising pollution in the developing world as its sixth most concerning issue, behind income inequality and jobless growth.

Lax environmental regulations mean that energy is produced without regard for conservation and that chemical pollutants damage the environment. Jacob Gitman, an entrepreneur, and scientist, explains how third-world pollution makes a severe impact on our planet.

Effects of Pollution

Pollution has significant public-health impacts in the developing world. Air pollution, in particular, is one of the leading causes of death in these countries. In 2012, it was responsible for a staggering 8.4 million deaths among these populations. It puts the problem in perspective. In comparison, only 8,000 people died that year as a result of the Ebola virus outbreak in Africa.

Pollution causes a wide variety of health problems like lung cancer, asthma, mercury poisoning, and lead poisoning. The young are the most vulnerable to the damage caused by polluted air and water. Children who regularly breathe polluted air are more likely to develop asthma, which could lead to severe illness or death. Other types of pollution, like petroleum byproducts, lead, and arsenic is likely to cause cancer and other grave diseases.

Countries Producing Most Pollution

In terms of releasing the most pollution into the environment, Asia must be considered one of the worst culprits. China is particularly problematic thanks to its rapid industrialization and lack of environmental regulations. China’s engineers are beginning to find solutions to their environmental problems, but the overwhelming volume of pollution has continued.

Companies from developed nations need to share their expertise in preventing pollution. The governments of China and other polluting countries need to be warned about their activities. Once a high-carbon method of getting energy, like coal or oil, has been put into place, it is difficult to go back.

When considering how many third-world countries produce excessive amounts of pollution, people from the developed world should not sit idly by and assume that there is nothing they can do to help the environment. Fully two-thirds of the pollution released in the world comes from developed countries like the United States and Canada. We share the blame and should not only give credit to developing nations.

Leading the Way in Reducing Pollution

The developed world has a responsibility to help third-world countries overcome their pollution problems. Thanks to technologies which make industrial production far less damaging to the environment, developed countries have considerably reduced the amount of pollution they produce. Pollution remains a problem in the United States and Canada, but it is far less severe than in the developing world.

Methods of Reducing Pollution

To reduce pollution at the source, replacing fossil fuels with more sustainable forms of energy like solar, wind, and geothermal can help a great deal. Many countries are beginning to catch on to the benefits of using renewable energy. Large solar arrays are being built in China along with wind farms.

Cleaner technologies to burn fossil fuels can also be put into place. As the efficiency of these factories is increased, new technology can remove the pollutants from the air before they escape. These technologies are already used in the developed world.

To further reduce the dependence on fossil fuels, developing countries need to be encouraged to reduce the amount of waste they produce. Recycling programs have not spread in the developing world. Even more compelling than recycling is the movement toward reducing plastic waste at the source. When people are encouraged to use sustainable and recyclable materials like glass and paper instead of plastic, the world will be less polluted.

Finding Solutions

People who reside in the developed world may believe that pollution from third-world countries is not their problem. These people must understand that our pollution problem, like our economy, is global. Pollution from contaminated air and water can travel around the world. Food and other consumer products from these developing countries could arrive at your dinner table.

As the developing world continues on its process of industrialization, it is more important than ever that pollution is remedied for the health of our planet. Working to enhance environmental regulations around the world can help to reduce the amount of pollution in all countries.

Jacob Gitman emphasizes the importance of reducing air, water, and soil pollution. When experts from countries like the United States and Canada work with industries in the developing world, they will be able to show the way toward cleaner activities.

The post Jacob Gitman Analyzes How Much Worse Pollution Can Be for Third-World Countries appeared first on Prague Post.

What you think about this story?
Jacob Gitman Analyzes How Much Worse Pollution Can Be for Third-World Countries

Tony Mariot Analyzes Why and How Christianity Maintains its Cultural Impact in America

Christianity has been part of the fabric of America since the first European colonists arrived on its shores. Christianity provides the backbone of America’s cultural identity and informs the values and goals of the nation as a whole. Without Christianity, America would be a very different place. Current pressures to remove Christianity from the public sphere have resulted in damaging effects on the country. Tony Mariot explains how Christianity maintains its cultural impact in America, naming some of the reasons why Christianity is essential to American life as it has come to be known.

Shared Values

In an ideal world, everyone would share the beliefs that are the cornerstones of Christianity. The Ten Commandments provide a solid moral grounding for the country. Too often, political leaders make the mistake of claiming that they are aligned with Christian values and then betray them by their actions. Christian Americans must stand up against these assaults on their values and immediate consequences for leaders who do not take these values seriously.

The ideals of Christianity present a way forward for this country. The basic tenets of faith create positive interactions between different groups in the community. As a Christian, value is a principle of doing unto others as you would have them do unto you. The fundamental teaching of Jesus has the potential to transform public life in America, where an atmosphere of discord and disrespect have caused public discourse to turn sour.

Christianity in Popular Culture

While America has become more diverse in its religious background, most of the holidays and observances in public life are related to Christianity. Christmas, Easter, and Thanksgiving all have a great deal of importance to religious life. Secular Americans have adopted the basics of these celebrations, but they have not taken the spirit of the holidays to heart.

As the population grows, more people should be encouraged to adopt Christianity as their religion. Rather than proselytizing, Christians need to reflect the values that they want to impart to the public. By showing a positive example, people will be naturally drawn to Christianity.

Society’s Institutions

Christianity has had a positive impact on society’s institutions. Christian leaders can deal with the challenges of life because they know that their faith will always be there to help them through difficult times. It is possible to be an effective leader without being a Christian, but the underlying moral compass of a Christian leader is ideal for America.

Since our country abides by the separation of church and state, there is a vanishing place in the public schools for Christianity. People of faith should consider sending their children to religious schools where they have a good chance of being surrounded by a healthy community.

Strong Communities

Using Christian values, communities can become stronger. When every person in a community understands the value of working toward the common good, they can benefit even the most vulnerable citizens. Faith-based organizations provide the backbone of American charitable work.

Christian principles can help communities create a positive space for all. If everyone loves and respects their neighbors, a positive sense of community can be built. Faith-based organizations can help to create this sense of community.

Above all, a principle of fairness will help Christians to guide their communities in difficult times.

Business Ethics

Businesses owned by Christians should show their values at any possible opportunity. The principles of integrity and charitable giving should form the institutions’ compass. Companies need to flourish financially to take care of all of the families that depend on them, but they should also consider instituting charitable programs in their community. Donating to worthy causes can present a positive example for the surrounding community.

Shady and underhanded business dealings do not make a positive impact on society. True Christians should be able to steer their coworkers away from these interactions. Taking faith and integrity seriously can build a better future for companies as well as the community in which they are placed.

Christianity’s Impact on American Culture

Using these core principles, Christianity can make a positive impact on the American landscape. Despite the current pressures to create a secular public discourse, Christian communities can be proud of the fact that they are helping their communities grow.

Tolerance of other religions is one of the most important guiding principles in today’s world. While other religions do not share all of Christianity’s beliefs, there is enough common ground that other faiths such as Judaism can create positive public discourse as well. Becoming a united faith community will create a positive example for youth.

Tony Mariot reminds people of faith that all of their actions are important when it comes to supporting Christianity. Giving lip service to Christian ideals while conducting themselves in an unbecoming fashion only gives ammunition to those who believe that Christianity does not deserve a place in the American public sphere. Through good works, Christians can stay relevant in today’s culture.

The post Tony Mariot Analyzes Why and How Christianity Maintains its Cultural Impact in America appeared first on Prague Post.

What Is Behind the Staggering Number of Wrongful Convictions in the United States?

The National Registry of Exonerations, a project of the University of California Irvine Newkirk Center for Science and Society, University of Michigan Law School and Michigan State University College of Law tracks exoneration cases in the United States. So far, the initiative has documented 2,505 cases of wrongful conviction and subsequent exoneration with a combined more than 22,094 years lost. This data is collected from publicly available data as well as partner organizations like the Innocence Project.

What is staggering about this data is the systemic nature of the wrongful convictions. All cases fall under a narrow band of jurisprudence shortcomings that, while well understood and documented, have proven difficult to root out. The result is a conveyor belt of wrongful convictions such as that of Anand Jon Alexander in California and others that are not likely to stop any time soon. In this article, we look at these systemic issues and how they taint the justice system, letting down thousands who daily throw themselves to the mercy of the court.

Official Misconduct

Official misconduct is the biggest culprit when it comes to wrongful convictions. While some actions such as perjury and withholding evidence are outright illegal, a lot of what rouge prosecutors (and investigators) do falls in a moral and a legal gray area. Take snitches, for example. Typically, a snitch is an individual already in jail who offers to act as an informant. The problem with this arrangement is that snitches are often compensated for their testimonies, offering a huge incentive to provide information regardless of accuracy.
Another area of official misconduct is when a prosecutor makes up their mind to get a conviction at any cost. In such a case, prosecutors contravened judicial conventions that prevent them from using such tools to influence a case. However, by using these morally reprehensible tactics, prosecutors in the case manager to put innocent individuals in jail for extended periods.

Bad Lawyering

Bad lawyering is rampant in the corridors of justice, especially in cases where state prosecutors or defense are called upon to represent a case. Owing to a cocktail of reasons including huge workloads, professional ambition, and in many cases, laziness, cases do not get the amount of attention they require. The Innocence Project identifies a lack of competent legal representation as a significant factor in wrongful convictions. Said differently, the justice system is stacked against the poor who cannot afford private representation.

To cite an example, in the Anand Jon Alexander case, lawyers representing the defendant had every opportunity to protest the use of race, religion, and national origin by the prosecution. However, through laxity and a sense of apathy, such protests were not forthcoming. As such, the case lost its objectivity as it ended up trying the defendant’s inclinations as opposed to trying the facts of the case.

Expert Testimonies

In an indicting article, the New York Times boldly mentioned that the leading cause of wrongful convictions is experts overstating forensic evidence. The article identifies several cases of wrongful convictions based on expert testimonies that had no scientific backing. The problem lies in the judicial system’s way of handling expert testimonies. While the threshold to be admitted as an expert is high, experts can say pretty much anything and dress it up as facts once they take the stand.

For instance, experts have long used hair comparison as a way of proving guilt. With this expert testimony, hundreds have been convicted for crimes they may not have committed. Only recently has it been established that experts really cannot tell one hair from another with absolute certainty. However, while the scientific community is clear on this, courts have not come out clearly on whether such “approximation” evidence can or cannot be admitted as evidence.

Flawed Science

Finally, flawed science is behind some of the most egregious wrongful convictions documented. While expert witnesses rely on an imperfect science, forensic labs and investigators also rely on the same information. The result is a systematic error that wrongfully convicts hundreds each year. For instance, before DNA sequencing became reliable, many cases were tried purely on witness accounts and circumstantial evidence.

Today, while DNA has come a long way, it is still not the silver bullet prosecutors paint it to be.

In a famous case involving the Office of the Chief Medical Examiner in New York, the office stated it had developed a DNA amplification software that could amplify minuscule (unidentifiable) shreds of DNA. While the expert testimony based on this technology served to convict the defendant, two years later, the evidence was thrown out by a higher court when it emerged that the witness had oversold the new technology.

Conclusion

For the cases mentioned above, including the wrongful conviction of Anand Jon Alexander, the hurdles outlined may be the only barriers standing in the way of justice. Although systemic and extremely pervasive, there is still hope that through judicial reforms, these hurdles can be lowered, and the number of wrongful convictions significantly reduced.

The post What Is Behind the Staggering Number of Wrongful Convictions in the United States? appeared first on Prague Post.